Saturday, May 23, 2020
How did John Locke influence Checks and Balances, and how does it apply to todayÃ¢â¬â¢s everyday life? Locke thought everyone needed to form a society together where there is a system of checks and balances. The main problem in the state of nature is that there arenÃ¢â¬â¢t any impartial judges and thereÃ¢â¬â¢s no clear interpretation of law. Creating a society solves these problems. Locke also felt that the people should elect a series of representatives to keep things in order, not place all the power in the hands of one. Locke influenced Checks and Balances by the simple common sense realization that each word has an equal opposite. John Locke is the father of modern empirical science that demands that both sides of any and all issues be explicitlyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦That theory was tested thoroughly through the chymists and GalenistsÃ¢â¬â¢ separate theories. Locke tended to side with the chymists on most factors. Being nicknamed Ã¢â¬Å"Father of Liberalism,Ã¢â¬ LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s theories have formed the structure and foundation of many important works, such as the U.S. Declaration of Independence and Constitution. LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s theories on property, social contract and the mind are considered to be the most widely known of all theories. Locke went on to explain the principle of checks and balances to limit governmental power. Locke favored rule of law and a representative government. Locke also denounced tyranny and insisted that when the government violates individual rights, that people are legitimately able to rebel. These stated views are most fully expressed in LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s famous Second Treatise Concerning Civil Government, they were so radical that Locke never dared sign his name to it, although he acknowledged authorship only in his will. Doing much to inspire the libertarian ideals of the American Revolution through writing, Locke set an example which appealed to the people throu ghout Europe, Asia and Latin America on how to live. As stated before, Locke is most renowned for his political theory. Contradicting Thomas Hobbes, Locke believed that the original state of nature was happy and characterized by tolerance and reason. In that state all people were equal andShow MoreRelatedThe Enlightenment And The Enlightenment907 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesto their subjects. Moreover, Declaration of Independence also supported the Enlightenment principles of government advocated by John Locke. John Lockes ideas that people are entitled to their natural rights and that men are created equal contributed to the Declaration of Independence. When Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence, he took some from LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas and wrote, Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬â¢We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal that they are endowed, by their creatorRead MoreMontesquieu s Views On The Constitution1472 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesS. Constitution. Although the Framers of the Constitution adopted his ideas, they were not completely plagiarized. A related idea of MontesquieuÃ¢â¬â¢s was that checks and balances should be in place to keep each branch in control. Madison and the other Framers were influenced by these ideas and constructed many well thought out checks and balances that are unique to the U.S. form of government. This is an example of paraphrasing someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas. In fact, Montesquieu also paraphrased otherÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas. MontesquieuRead MoreJohn Locke: Second Treatise of Civil Government Essay1081 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages John Locke was born on August 29, 1632, into a middle class family during late Renaissance England. Locke started his studies at Christ Church in Oxford. He then went into medical studies and received a medical license, which he practiced under Anthony Cooper. They became friends, and when Cooper became Earl of Shaftesbury, Locke was able to hold minor government jobs and became involved in politics. Shaftesbury steered Locke towards the views of a government whose law was fair to all, and all wereRead MoreJohn Locke1098 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesJohn Locke was born on August 29, 1632 the son of a country attorney and. Locke grew up in and during the civil war. In 1652, he entered the Christ Church (Oxford) where he remained as a student and teacher for many years. Locke taught and lectur ed in Greek, rhetoric, and Moral philosophy. Locke, after reading works of Descartes, developed a strong interest in contemporary philosophical and scientific questions and theories. In 1666, Locke met Lord Anthony Ashley Cooper, and from then on, this lifelongRead MoreJohn Locke And John Stuart Mill s On Liberty Essay1200 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesand the role the individual plays in society and to the state. Whereas, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and John Stuart Mill have developed a more modernized conception of liberty and the role of the individual to the state and society. PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s work the Republic, and AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s works of literature Nicomachean Ethics, and Politics will be contrasted against Thomas HobbesÃ¢â¬â¢ Leviathan, John LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s Second Treatise, and John Stuart MillÃ¢â¬â¢s On Liberty. The literature works of the Political Philosophers mentionedRead MoreThe Supreme Court s Marbury V. Madison Essay1140 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesof the historical decision. By first analyzing the political history of the famous case and then by predicting its lasting political consequences, one will find that Marbury v. Madison secured a balance of power i n American government that is integral to maintaining the ideologies of checks and balances and civil liberties. Likewise, political scholars will find that the judicial branch of government bears the greatest political responsibility, ultimately having the most influential power in theRead MoreJohn Locke and Thomas Hobbes on Government and the Governed1307 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesJohn Locke (1689) and Thomas Hobbes (2010) share a common underlying concern: establishing a social contract between the government and the governed. To be legitimate, government must rest in the final analysis on the Ã¢â¬Å"consentÃ¢â¬ of the governed, they maintain. They also share a common view of humanity as prone to selfishness (Morgan, 2011 p. 575-800). Given the modern era, Hobbes views of the state of nature and government seem antiquated; no longer do the masses wish to be subservient to anyoneRead MoreHow Did The Enlightenment Thinkers Influence The Enlightenment?955 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn dependence we see a good amount of Enlightenment ideas being put into this. One of them being John LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s idea that Thomas Jefferson put into this specific document(s). Here, John LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s idea of Ã¢â¬Å"life, liberty and the pursuit of happinessÃ¢â¬ , which are known now as natural rights or unalienable rights. They influence us even now, as many people in their daily life, us this as a way of seeing the world. John Locke also stated that if the government failed to protect the natural rights, the citizensRead MoreJean Domat, Montesquieu And Jean Jacques Rousseau859 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand no external factors or opinions of the people indicate a want for a king. Overall, based on MontesquieuÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The Spirit of the Laws,Ã¢â¬ a good government would consist of a separation of power and a system of checks and balances in which tyrannical laws can be diminished. Based on John LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas Jean Jacques Rousseau focused on a contract between the governors and the governed. This social contract applied to all members of society. Within the contract Ã¢â¬ËmanÃ¢â¬â¢ is seen as aiding a mutually beneficialRead More The Influence of John Locke Essay examples970 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesJohn Locke was someone more than just an ordinary man. He was the son of a country attorney and born on August 29, 1632. He grew up during the civil war and later entered the Church of Christ, Oxford, where he remained as a student and teacher for many years. (Rivitch 23) With a wide variety of political and religious views, he expressed most of his personnel views on education and social and political philosophies. Once he noted the five lasting pleasures throughout his career
Monday, May 18, 2020
Another way she differed was how she viewed her place in society. At the time, the Great Awakening, evangelical religious fervor, was spreading throughout colonial America. To most of those who lived in Colonial America, religion was vital. After all, the freedom to practice it in the way one saw fit was a motivating factor in the establishment of the British colony so far from home. Ã¢â¬Å"PinckneyÃ¢â¬â¢s religious views reflected those of most Southern Anglicans, who valued the rational exercise of religion. As the Great Awakening began its move to the South in the 1740s, Pinckney appears to have remained unaffected; her letter illustrates that she continued to emphasize a rational piety, a view that Pinckney perceived as rooted in GodÃ¢â¬â¢s Word. Ã¢â¬ 2 Most women accepted that prevailing religious view that women should be in submission to God and their husbands or fathers regardless of whether they were Anglican or evangelical. While educated women read at the time, prop er reading material consisted of Ã¢â¬Å"advice literature and sermons which installed and perpetuated a highly stratified social hierarchy, accepted a subordinate social status. Ã¢â¬ Not only that, since the south was entirely dependent on slavery, another hierarchical system, Ã¢â¬Å"white women, identifying with and desiring the protection of the white male, used reading and writing as a means to support the concept of naturalized hierarchies. We will write a custom essay sample on Eliza Lucas (Pinckney) or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now Thus, in addition to securing the proliferation of slavery, white southern women also forced themselves into a tightly prescribed role as subservient to man. Ã¢â¬ 3 Yet, they still saw themselves above the slave in the hierarchical order, but perhaps Lucas Pinckney saw the order of power in another way. Apparently, Lucas Pinckney was allowed to read outside of the proscribed literature and developed an interest in many subjects, science for example, from whence she came up with her Ã¢â¬Å"schemes. Ã¢â¬ She studied law and helped people to write their wills. One of her noteworthy Ã¢â¬Å"schemesÃ¢â¬ was to plant oak trees to make the masts for ships. She also cultivated silk. Education had value to Lucas Pinckney and she endeavored to share it even with slaves as one of her Ã¢â¬Å"schemes, Ã¢â¬ as she referred to it in a letter to a friend. In the letter, Ã¢â¬Å"Lucas assures her [friend] that she will get approval from both of her parent s before proceeding with her Ã¢â¬Ëscheme. Ã¢â¬â¢ That Lucas still refers to her plan of instructing of slaves as a Ã¢â¬Ëscheme, Ã¢â¬â¢ despite her parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ knowledge of the idea, further alludes to the potential subversive nature of such a plan. Ã¢â¬ Although, teaching slaves to read was not prohibited by law, it certainly was not encouraged among the conservative landed gentry of the Lucas familyÃ¢â¬â¢s social circle.
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Sample details Pages: 7 Words: 1987 Downloads: 8 Date added: 2019/08/08 Category History Essay Level High school Tags: Genocide Essay Did you like this example? On April 24, 1915, Ottoman authorities rounded up, arrested, and deported between 235 and 270 Armenian community leader and scholars from Constantinople, the majority of whom were eventually killed. The genocide was carried out throughout World War I in two phases the killing of the able-bodied men through massacre and forced labor, and then the deportation of women, children, the elderly, and the ill, on death marches to the Syrian Desert. Driven forward by military ?escorts, the ?deportees were deprived of food and water, and victim to robbery, rape, and massacre. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Causes Of The Armenian Genocide" essay for you Create order In 1943, Raphael Lemkin was moved specifically by the annihilation of Armenians to define the organized manner in which the killings were carried out, coining the word genocide as systematic and premeditated exterminations within legal parameters. Thus, the Armenian Genocide is widely acknowledged to have been the first modern genocide; while Turkey denies that genocide is an accurate term, as of 2018, 29 countries have officially recognized the mass killings as genocide, as have most genocide scholars and historians. The deportation and murder of hundreds of thousands of Armenians was a reaction to the toals of World War I and not of a long-held plan to eliminate Armenians as an ethnic cleansing. The roots of this genocide, however, are grounded in Turkish Muslims resentment of Armenian Christians political and economic success, going against traditional Ottoman social hierarchies that held Muslims superior to non-MuslimsÃ¢â¬ and a growing sense by young Turk leaders and Muslims t hat Armenians were ?others and a dangerous element to society. On July 24, 1908, Armenians movement for equality in the Ottoman Empire strengthened when a coup detat staged by officers of the Ottoman Third Army removed Abdul Hamid II from power, and restored the country to a constitutional monarchy. The officers were part of the Young Turk movement, who wanted to reform the administration of the Ottoman Empire to meet European standards. The movement was an anti-Hamidian coalition made up of two distinct groups, the liberal constitutionalists and the nationalists, the former more democratic and accepting of Armenians, the latter mostly intolerant of Armenians and their frequent requests for European assistance. In 1902 however, during a congress of the Young Turks held in Paris, the heads of the liberal wing, Sabahaddin and Ahmed Riza Bey, somewhat convinced the nationalists to include ensuring some rights for all the minorities of the empire, including Armenians, as part of their new agenda. One factions within the Young Turk movement was a secret revolutionary organization, the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP). It drew its membership from disaffected army officers based in Salonika, and was behind a wave of mutinies against the central government. In 1908, elements of the Third Army and the Second Army Corps declared their opposition to the Sultan and threatened to march on the capital to depose him. Threatened by the wave of resentment, he stepped down from power. The ultimate goal of the CUP was to restore the Ottoman Empire to its former glory, reclaiming its title as one of the worlds great powers. Once the party gained control and consolidated its power in the 1912 Election of Clubs and the 1913 Raid on the Sublime Porte, the party grew increasingly more splintered and volatile. Following attacks on the empires Turkish citizens during the Balkan Wars of 1912Ã¢â¬Å"1913, the three leaders, Enver Pasha, Talaat Pasha and Jemal Pasha, fortified their position as t he new leadership, together recognized as the Three Pashas and took over rule of the Ottoman Empire and the CUP party, known as The Young Turks. In 1912, the First Balkan War broke out, ending in the defeat of the Ottoman Empire and the loss the majority of its European territory. Many in the empire saw their defeat as Allahs divine punishment for a society that did not know how to pull itself together. Soon, the Turkish nationalist movement viewed Anatolia as their last refuge, where the Armenian population were a minority. A subsequent repercussion was the mass expulsion of Muslims from the Balkans, and the following large scale immigration, where more than half a million refugees settled in areas where Armenians resided. They soon resented the status of their relatively well-off neighbors, a disdain that would influence the murder and expulsion of Armenians, and the confiscation of their properties, during the genocide. As a preface, Turkey has steadily refused to recognize that the events of 1915Ã¢â¬Å"16 constitute a genocide. The Turkish government has admitted that deportations took place, but they maintain that the Armenians were a rebellious faction that had to be pacified during a national security crisis; while they acknowledge that some killing took place, they contend that it was not initiated or directed by the government, and there were ?deaths on both sides. Major countriesÃ¢â¬ including the United States, Israel, and Great BritainÃ¢â¬ have also declined to acknowledge the events as a genocide, in order to avoid damaging their relations with Turkey. In 2014, government officials in Turkey offered condolences to the Armenian victims, but Armenians remain committed to having the mass killings of their ancestors during World War I recognized as a genocide. The Ottoman Empire opened the Middle Eastern theater of World War I on the side of the Central Powers on November 2, 1914, and the following battles of the Caucasus Campaign, the Persian Campaign and the Gallipoli Campaign directly affected populated Armenian communities. Before entering the war, the Ottoman government had sent representatives to the Armenian congress at Erzurum to convince Ottoman Armenians to facilitate the conquest of Transcaucasia by inciting an insurrection of Russian Armenians against the Russian army if a Caucasus theater is opened. On December 24, 1914, this is put into action when the Minister of War Enver Pasha implemented a plan to surround and overpower the Russian Caucasus Army to repossess territory lost to Russia in the Russo-Turkish War. But when Pashas forces were routed in the battle, and almost completely annihilated, Pasha publicly blamed the defeat on Armenians in the region having actively sided with the Russians. As a result, on November 14, 19 14, in Constantinople, capital of the Ottoman Empire, the religious leader Sheikh-ul-Islam declared an Islamic holy war on behalf of the Ottoman government, urging his Muslim followers to take up arms against Britain, France, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro in World War I;Ã this was later used as a factor to provoke radical masses in the implementation of the Armenian Genocide. On February 25, 1915, the Ottoman General Staff released the War Minister Enver Pashas Directive 8682 on Increased security and precautions to all military units calling for the removal of all ethnic Armenians serving in the Ottoman forces from their posts and for their demobilization; the directive accused the Armenian Patriarchate of releasing State secrets to the Russians. Enver Pasha explained this decision as out of fear that they would collaborate with the Russians. Before February, some of the Armenian recruits were utilized as labourers before being executed. Transferring Armenian conscripts from active combat to passive, unarmed logistic sections was an important precursor to the subsequent genocide. The execution of the Armenians in these battalions was part of a premeditated strategy of the CUP. Those who werent murdered were deported. But the government called it a necessary deportation, claiming that many Armenian radicals were threatening to side with Russia. Turkey say s that there was never a deliberate, ethnically-driven effort to exterminate the Armenian population; it was a wartime precaution, like the U.S. relocated the Japanese population during World War II, says Dr. Kamer Kasim, Dean of Abant Izzet Baysal University. Ottoman rulers, like most of their subjects, were Muslim. They permitted Armenians to maintain some autonomy, but they also subjected them to unequal and unjust treatment; under the Ottoman Empire, Christians had minimal political and legal rights. Still, Armenian communities thrived. They tended to be better educated and wealthier than their (Muslim) Turkish neighbors, who in turn grew to resent their success. This resentment was compounded by distrust, as Muslim Turks believed that the Christian Armenians would be loyal to Christian governments, specifically Russia, rather than to the Ottoman caliphate. The success of Armenian Christians over Muslim Turks, the distrust of religious loyalties, and especially the government scapegoating of Armenians when the military failed, are all causes of the Armenian Genocide. Because the Armenian population was oppressed, Turkish military leaders argued that Armenians thought they could win independence if the Allies were victorious, thus they would be eager to fight for the enemy. The military leads were not wrong, and as the war intensified, Armenians organized volunteer battalions to help the Russian army fight against the Turks in the Caucasus region. Whether accusations lead to Armenians taking up arms, or Armenians taking up arms lead to accusations is still unclear. Either way, these events, and the general Turkish distrust of the Armenian people, led the Turkish government to move for the removal of Armenians from war zones along the Eastern FrontÃ¢â¬ thus the deportations began. As Armenian men were killed and sent to labor and women and children were deported, they left behind their homes, land, and all the wealth theyd acquired. At the same time, the beginning of World War I had begun to take its toll on the Ottoman Empire, and the new Young Turk government was running out of the resources needed to continue waging war. While the government struggled, the Armenian populations in Tiflis and Baku controlled most of the local wealth, therefore it is reasonable to come to the conclusion that part of the reason for the genocide was to take over the wealth left behind by the Armenians who had been deported and murdered. Stealing Armenians wealth solved one of the empires two problems; with the stolen wealth, the Young Turk government could fund its continuing role in World War I. However, besides the financial struggles in the war, the fighting itself was going poorly. The Armenian people caught the blame for this too. As the Turkish people were already distrusting of Armenians, the government simply continued to turn its people against the Armenians, portraying the minority as the reason for the military defeats, claiming that they were being undermined from within. To back up this claim, and to prevent any resistance to the forthcoming attacks, the Turkish government disarmed all Armenians in the Ottoman Empire. To follow up, the Young Turks then took advantage of the contentious war situation, claiming that all Armenians, beginning with those in the highly populated Anatolia region, and later extending to all Armenians in the Ottoman Empire, needed to be relocated due to wartime emergencies. In May, the Ottoman Parliament passed legislation formally authorizing the deportation. The deportation was accompanied by a systematic campaign of mass murder. Survivors who reached the deserts of Syria were left in concentration camps, many starving to dea th, with mass killings continuing into 1916. Conservative estimates have calculated that from 600,000 to more than 1,000,000 Armenians were slaughtered or died on the marches. The events of 1915Ã¢â¬Å"16 were witnessed by a number of foreign journalists, missionaries, diplomats, and military officers who sent reports home about death marches and killing fields. While the deportation and murder of hundreds of thousands of Armenians was a reaction to the toals of World War I and not of a long-held plan to eliminate Armenians as an ethnic cleansing, its roots are grounded in Turkish Muslims resentment of Turkish ArmeniansÃ political and economic success, going against traditional Ottoman social hierarchies that held Muslims superior to non-MuslimsÃ¢â¬ and a growing sense by young Turk leaders and Muslims that Armenians were others and a dangerous element to society.Ã Despite unequal and unjust treatment under the Ottoman Empire where Christians had minimal political and legal rights, Armenian communities thrived, unfairly earning themselves disdain from their Muslim neighbors. While there is not one moment or one notion that set off the Armenian Genocide, this disdain, the success of Armenian Christians over Muslim Turks, the distrust of Armenians (religious) loyalties, and the government scapegoating of Armenians when the military fai led, are all causes of the Armenian Genocide.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
How to Beat Online Plagiarism Plagiarism is best described as copying someone elses work and putting your name on it without giving the original author any credit for his or her work. It is a problem that has existed in academia for centuries, since the creation of text documents. Original methods of plagiarism were limited, however, to copying by hand the work of another person from sources found in libraries and other books and magazines. This form of plagiarism, while it still existed was not simple to perform in that the student would continue to be forced to find and read text that was relevant to his or her project. This process has changed within the 1990s as a result of the Internet. Students may now find countless articlesÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Identifying plagiarism in todays times may not be an easy task to the untrained eye, as cutting and pasting from internet sites is as simple as two clicks on the mouse. Luckily, there are resources available to spot plagiarism in documents and note the sou rce(s) where the information was obtained. This makes it very easy for teachers catch students in the act and deal with the problem before it gets too serious. These resources are again located online, with one of the best ones appearing at www.turnitin.com. Turnitin.com is a web-site devoted to identifying plagiarized works handed in by students to teachers. Teachers, or learning institutes, apply for a membership at this site, and membership prices vary according to the number of documents a member submits in a months time or the number of teachers who are going to be using this membership. There is also a free trial option, which this author decided to take advantage of, to determine the accuracy of this service. The document submission process is actually quite simple. Upon receiving a user name and password, the user may access his or her account at any time. Teachers who wish to check documents submitted by students believed to be plagiarizing can do so by selecting the Submit New Document option. Teachers who receive hard copies of students work would have to then scan theShow MoreRelatedAction Plan and Annotated Bibliography on Maintaining Academic Honesty1390 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdishonesty will provide in the future. It also b eats the purpose of going through academic institutions that provide facilities and facilitators in the education process. Academic dishonesty is, therefore, wrong in all forms and is not justifiable. There are several things that constitute academic dishonesty. These include cheating in exams by using illegal materials, accessing undue assistance, and impersonation. Another form of academic dishonesty is plagiarism and presentation of falsified informationRead MoreBenefits Of Technology Essay1091 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesinformation, and how largely it can influence our daily decisions. The influence of music used to be largely dependent on the talent and the rhythm of music. Musicians would hire teachers, practice daily, play in large crowds, and hope to excite those around them. With only the guitar, music notes, and dedication at hand, they would learn to play. Classrooms were full of children who wanted to play and be able to solely make their own beat. Nowadays, we can watch and listen to music online without a singleRead MoreContract Law and Music Copyright Essay1683 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThis means that the sample substantially contributes to the overall piece of music created by the artist and as the sample has not been cleared, an infringement of copyright has taken place. Another one of his tracks consists of a two second drum beat sample taken from a song called Ã¢â¬Å"The WallÃ¢â¬ by Pink Floyd and was only used once in a track. Alexie Duff could argue that the sample does not play a substantial part in the piece however he still sampled a sound reco rding without acquiring permissionRead MoreEssay on MP3 and Music - Digital Recording and Distribution1598 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe main themes of the essay is the problem of upholding creativity and artistic integrity in an unmediated digital environment.Ã Ã What would you say if I told you that I had bought entire paragraphs of this paper online?Ã You would probably accuse me of plagiarism and disregard the contents of the essay.Ã However, many contemporary composers and their listeners consider the practice of buying digital loops of music for use in compositions completely acceptable.Ã Over the past two decadesRead MoreStarbucks Marketing Strategy For Starbucks1429 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbetter than ever. Starbucks SWOT Analysis 2) Provide an up-to-date SWOT analysis for the Starbucks Company and indicate how these have shaped the direction of their business. Strengths Ã¢â¬ ¢ Well known and respected company, known for high-quality coffee. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Starbucks is fashionable and currently the place people want to go to. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Economy of scale Ã¢â¬â They have the profit and capital to beat the competition. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Accessibility - located everywhere in ideal locations. Ã¢â¬ ¢ A good relationship with suppliers and employeesRead MoreEssay on The Information of Indexes2730 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pageslike the key word/s to be found in the title, abstract or the body. This quick process filters out many articles not related to the subject of research. Still, a lot of the articles that turn up may not be exactly what I was looking for, but it sure beats shuffling through library shelves. Even if I were to research texts directly from the library, I would still come across many useless articles and essays. The development of this on-line library database system speeds up the research process, whichRead MoreActivity Based Costing and the Theory of Constraints Are, Respectively, Overhead Absorption Costing and Marginal Costing in a Different Guise2432 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesBRUNEL BUSINESS SCHOOL COVERSHEET FOR ONLINE COURSEWORK SUBMISSIONS Module Code MG2134 Module Title Management Accounting Module leader Tony Tollington Student ID number 0617484 Degree Programme (e.g. Business and Management (General)) Business Management and Accounting I understand that the School does not tolerate plagiarism. Plagiarism is the knowing or reckless presentation of another personÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts, writings, inventions, as oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own. It includes the incorporationRead MoreSamsung Vrio Analysis5080 Words Ã |Ã 21 PagesElectronics Company] Ã¢â¬Å"This is to certify that the work I am submitting is my own. All external references and sources are clearly acknowledged and identified within the contents. I am aware of the University of Warwick regulation concerning plagiarism and collusion. No substantial part(s) of the work submitted here has also been submitted by me in other assessments for accredited courses of study, and I acknowledge that if this has been done an appropriate reduction in the mark I might otherwiseRead MoreCitation and Organizational Structure1832 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesH1110 Dear Student: Please be sure to scroll ALL the way through this document. You will find: a. Project instructions [Be alert to options within the instructions] b. Notice on using Wikipedia c. Information on how we use a 6 Traits + 1 Rubric to score projects d. 6 Traits + 1 Chart for your reference, and later, for your teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s feedback e. White space for you to paste in your completed project H1110 CONTAINMENT POLICY Here is yourRead MoreInfluence Of Urban Legends On Various Art Forms Of 21st Century3442 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pages Date: 7th Oct, 2014 PLAGIARISM REPORT The Term Paper/Dissertation titled Ã¢â¬ËInfluence of Urban Legends on various art forms of 21st CenturyÃ¢â¬â¢ submitted by Annant Gaur, Enrollment No. A0706113077 of Amity Institute of English Studies and Research, Amity University Uttar Pradesh, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Bachelors of Arts (Hons.) in English was done under my supervision. The Term Paper/Dissertation was checked for plagiarism in Paper Rater (http://www
Nurses are indispensable members of the work force unit division in health care system whose main role is to provide for doctorÃ¢â¬â¢s assistance and cater to the health status and palliative care of the patients. Technically though, the nurses have higher specialized forms or masteral degrees which elevates them to a higher position in hospital departments (e.g. We will write a custom essay sample on Nursing Opportunities in NYU Downtown Hospital or any similar topic only for you Order Now perioperative nurse). The NYU Downtown Hospital is the only hospital in Manhattan that caters to the healthcare of the Lower Manhattan Community specifically that of the Chinese community. The hospital employs wide and diverse medical professionals to provide for quality healthcare of the community and amongst the members of the workforce are the nurses. In NYU Downtown, the hospitalÃ¢â¬â¢s selection of nurses for a specific job requires a basic New York Registered Nurse qualification and related experiences. The nursing opportunities for the hospital vary from jobs descriptive of leadership, staffs and per diem positions. Vacancies in leadership positions are on the following types: Nurse Manager for the peri-operative division, clinical nurse specialist in the Maternal Child Health Division, Nursing Administrative Supervisors for morning and evening shifts, and Registered Nurse Case Manager. For the staff positions, there are vacancies in the following departments and the corresponding time table: Emergency Room, Operating Room and Labor and Delivery for 12 hr duty day or night and Licensed Practical Nurses (LPNs) positions for 7.5 hr per day. Per diems are available for all units in the hospital on all shifts. The workplace is suitable for nurse employment because aside from sufficient wages and benefits, the hospital meets the standards of the healthcare system in terms of management and services rendered. The salary of registered nurses in the district is $53, 065 as of 2002 with an annual increase rate of 1% per year. Benefits include health, Ã dental , liability insurance, disability and Ã compensation programs, refunds and Ã annuity plans. Subsidies for houses, parkings and discounts are also available for employees. NYU Downtown HospitalÃ¢â¬â¢s vacancies for nursing positions mirror one of the stigmas of the New York medical profession nowadays Ã¢â¬â nursing shortage. As previously mentioned the singularity of the hospital in the area implies a huge demand for medical practitioners including the nurses. Unfortunately, in the entire New York, the supply of nurses does not meet the high rate of nurse demand. Although there are more than 234,000 Registered Nurses and 68,900 LPNs in 2001, the prediction for nurse sustainability is bad since there was an overall drop for the 1999 to 2001. Slow growth rate for Registered Nurses may indicate problems for the quality healthcare andÃ Ã according to he National Sample Survey of registered Nurses, the state ranked second to the last in terms of RN percentage employment. The nursing shortage in New York are caused by several factors: aging workforce, increased job opportunities for women, low wages and benefits and other related factors which caused a decreased in the supply. ManhattanÃ¢â¬â¢s Downtown Hospital is aggravated, because as the lone hospital they must cater to both the resident and the non-resident community. (Non-residents are approximated at almost 400,000 per day.) The general trend for nursing shortage creates opportunities for work in the nursing arena in the New York Downtown Hospital. Although, the workplace and the salaries are sufficient enough for nursing occupation, NYU DowntownÃ¢â¬â¢s nursing problems may be fueled by a larger economic workforce crisis in the nursing arena. References Beu, B. Ã¢â¬Å"The nursing shortage and the nurse reinvestment act.Ã¢â¬ AORN Journ., 79(2004):1061-1063. Downtown Hospital. (2008). New York Downtown Hospital. Retrieved February 14, 2008, from New York Downtown Hospital database. Mitchell, G. J Ã¢â¬Å"Nursing shortage or nursing famine: Looking beyond numbers?Ã¢â¬ Nursing Science Quarterly, 16(2003), 219-24. The Registered Nurse Population. National Sample Survey of Registered Nurses- March 2000. Preliminary Findings, February 2001. Bureau of Health Professions, Division of Nursing. Ã How to cite Nursing Opportunities in NYU Downtown Hospital, Essay examples
Ethical Dilemmas Patricia Smith Grantham University Theories amp; Research in Nursing NUR401 Kelli Reid RN/MSN/MBA May 14, 2013 W7 Journal Entry 7: Ethical Dilemmas The need for nursing research is evident. With the evolution of evidenced based practice for nursing, only the most up to date or current best researched evidence is being used or promoted at the bedside (Burns amp; Grove, 2009, p. 16). Although this need for nursing research is evident, such research cannot be obtained at any price. The advantages must clearly outweigh the potential disadvantages in order for any research to be ethically conducted. There are, as a result, some gray areas or issues that do not have the same level of importance, to a specific group or region of people, as they would to a different region or group of people. Care must be exercised to obtain an informed consent, to protect the privacy of those involved, to protect the participantÃ¢â¬â¢s personal information or data, to provide the participants an open opportunity to freely withdraw from the research project at any time and to explain the potential benefits as well as the possibility of any harm. We will write a custom essay sample on Ethical Dilemmas in Nursing Research or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Honestly in presentation without jargon is one of the most important components. In some cases, none of these expected requirements are followed. One example of this is the national screening of blood collected from all new born infants in the United States. Newborn Dried Blood Spot Screening or NBS is primarily a state facilitated laboratory test that obtains blood from an infantÃ¢â¬â¢s foot, and tests are run on that blood to detect genetic disorders or various other metabolic or endocrine conditions. Originally when these tests on newborns began in the early 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s, a single test was performed to identify phenylketonuria (PKU) that has an incidence of 1:20,000-25,000 infants. Whereby if the infant is positive for this test, the breakdown of amino acid is absent causing the protein to build up and cause mental or intellectual disability. The treatment, once aware of this deficiency, is simply to maintain a diet low in PKU. Over the years, more and more tests have been added to this screen, there are currently over thirty. Some professionals question the importance of some of these tests, since some have no treatment, and others are extremely rare. In 2005 a legal case was presented to the courts, as the parents tried to refuse this newborn testing for religious reasons, the child was snatched from the parents by Nebraska officials, and the tests were performed (Anderson, Rothwell, amp; Botkin, 2011, p. 116). The Courts sided with the State, claiming child protection (Douglas County v. Anaya , 2005, table C4). So how does this research go on when it is not entirely justified, nor does it meet the ethical requirements imposed otherwise? The PresidentÃ¢â¬â¢s Council on Bioethics, the American Academy of Pediatrics, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, March of Dimes, Save Babies Through Screening Foundation, Inc. , and advocacy groups, all support this testing. The ethical dilemma surrounding abortion in the United States is of utmost importance to all political offices. And, in light of the mandatory research screening performed on newborns, such causes one to wonder if these same organizations are as involved with the infant before the delivery or birth. In the 2011 Issue of Bioethics Magazine, Prof. Scott Woodcock presented the ilemma he believes is caused by honest full disclosure and informed consent. He stated that a fully honest and informed consent provided to a pregnant woman might be a deterrent to her obtaining the abortion she is seeking, causing guilt or intimidation. He suggests that providing only certain types of information, and using communication skills rather than straightforward information given (Woodcock, 2011, p. 496). This sounds like regression, instead of progression here. Leaving choice bits of information out makes an informed consent an uninformed consent and places the caregiver at risk legally for withholding information. At risk ethically as well, who decides what information to provide in each case or Ã¢â¬Å"relationshipÃ¢â¬ ? That type of healthcare would be inconsistent, bias and exceedingly dangerous. The elected officials are the overseers, and elected as the lawgivers. The best way to avoid ethical dilemmas or any dilemmas is to be honest and knowledgeable about your topic of research. Practice within ones scope. Encourage open communication. Educate and teach without biases. Consistently know and follow your facilities protocols, but primarily adhere to the state and federal laws. References Anderson, R. , Rothwell, E. , amp; Botkin, J. 2011, January 1). Newborn screening: ethical, legal, and social implications. Annual Review of Nursing Research , 29, 113-132. http://dx. doi. org/10. 1891/0739-6686. 29. 113 Burns, N. , amp; Grove, S. K. (2009). The Practice of Nursing Research Appraisal, synthesis, and generation of evidence (6th ed. ). St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier. CHILDÃ¢â¬â¢s Legal Initiatives Ã¢â¬â Amicus Curiae Briefs. (2005). Retrieved from http://childrenshealthcare. org/? page_id=24#Lawsuits Woodcock, S. (2011, November 1). ABORTION COUNSELLING AND THE INFORMED CONSENT DILEMMA. Bioethics, 25, 495-504. http://dx. doi. org/10. 1111/j. 1467-8519. 2009. 01798. x
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Taiwan and Indonesia; although others thought this option was not practical as the fry were very expensive. Enter Finfish Hatcheries, Inc. FHI), which selling bangus fry and fingerlings, among others. Ã¢â¬Å"We haveÃ been in the bangus fry production business since 1997,Ã¢â¬ says Rene B. Bocaya, FHIÃ¢â¬â¢s national marketing manager. According to Bocaya, the price per piece of wild bangus fry was P1. 00 a decade or so ago. Ã¢â¬Å"With the introduction to the market of hatchery produced fry (local and imported), the price now ranges from thirty to forty-five centavos per piece only. The hatchery-produced fry doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t only give very big savings to the fishpond operators, but it also provides them good quality and steady supply throughout the year. As a result of steady supply of bangus in the market, there are now processing plants for bangus value-added products. The foreign exchange earnings from bangus exports has been reported to be about US million. In Sarangani Province, where the FHIÃ¢â¬â¢s hatchery is located, bangus production has increased considerably. Actually, the hatchery is in Lun Masla, Malapatan. Here, about 13,000 breeders are maintained and managed to produce bangus eggs on a daily basis throughout the year. The eggs are collected, cleaned and hatched. The hatchlings are grown to the marketable sizes in 18-21 days in larval ponds. During the growing period, they are fed with a mixture of planktons and commercial feeds. The breeders are 50% males and 50% females. Ã¢â¬Å"It is tedious to sex the fish individually and tag them,Ã¢â¬ Bocaya explains. Ã¢â¬Å"We have some breeders that are more than 25 years old and are still breeding in groups well. Ã¢â¬ It takes 5 years for a bangus to mature sexually. FHI selects breeders for commercial production only when they are 8 years old. The female mature breeder, calledÃ sabalo,Ã can produce seven kilos of eggs in one year. And one kilo consists of 750,000 eggs. Bangus spawns in ponds in frenzy at night. TheÃ sabaloÃ release the eggs while the males discharge the milt. Fertilization happens externally in the pond water. There is no need for hormone induction for mature breeders. The eggs are collected in nets in the early morning. They are cleaned and placed in the larval ponds immediately. Ã¢â¬Å"The bangus eggs hatch in the ponds within 24 hours,Ã¢â¬ Bocaya informs. The hatchlings feed on the yolk sac for about 2-3 days. They undergo morphological transformations. As first feeds, the larva are supplied natural food in a mixture of zoo- and phyto-planktons. Commercial feeds are provided in the last quarter of the production. Ã¢â¬ Bangus is grown in a number of stages and in varying degrees of culture intensity depending on the growerÃ¢â¬â¢s production design and the nature of the growing environment. The simplest bangus value chain is the three-stage system of a nursery stage, a transition stage and a grow-out stage.In the nursery, bangus is grown from fry (kawag-kawag) to fingerling (hatirin). In the transition stage, the fingerlings are grown to juvenile (garungan). In the grow-out stage the juveniles are grown to marketable sizes. In the grow-out stage, bangus is produced in a number of categories depending on the pond structure the capitalization and the growerÃ¢â¬â¢s production design. Traditional extensive ponds usingÃ lablabÃ as feeds normally seed 2,000 juveniles of 50 grams in size. LablabÃ production is takes 6 weeks. A well-preparedÃ lablabÃ pond can produce 500 kilograms of fish biomass. With 2,000 juveniles stocked, the grower is able to produce 300-gram fish in three to four months from seeding. Bangus grown in marine cage systems. In intensive ponds with aeration, growers can produce 8,000-10,000 kilograms of bangus fish in a hectare. Stocking density to grow 500-gram fish is about 20,000 juveniles per hectare. In fish pens in Laguna Lake, juveniles of 30 to 50 grams are stocked at 50,000 per hectare. There is no feeding needed as the lake provides the algae that the bangus feed on. In marine sea cages, juveniles of 30 to 50 grams are stocked at a rate of 20-50 per square meter depending on the site and the business plan of the grower. Harvest can reach up to 30-40 kilograms per cubic meter of 500-gram bangus in six to eight months. According to Bocaya, at least 50 percent of the costs in intensive pond systems goes to feeds. The other costs that figure are electricity, water, labor and pond maintenance costs. In marine cage systems, feeds are 80 percent of the costs. In extensive systems,Ã lablabÃ production is still 40 percent of the costs. On the average, gross profits are at about 25 to 30 percent of selling price on a good year across all production systems,Ã¢â¬ Bocaya points out. No wonder,Ã sales of hatchery-bred fingerlings are increasing. When they were new, the fish operators and growers were skeptical about using the hatchery-bred fingerlings. They thought that those caught from the wild were more hardy. However, the perceptions of bangus farmers have changed, Bocaya said. They now prefer the hatchery-bred fingerlings because they are more uniform and they also grow faster.Those from the wild usually have a survival rate of 50 to 60 percent while those from the hatchery usually have 82 to 85 percent survival rate. FHI now sellsÃ hatchery-bred fingerlingsÃ all over the country. It delivers only when the minimum volume of order is 500,000 pieces. Ã¢â¬Å"Generally, the buyers pick-up the fry from our sales offices,Ã¢â¬ Bocaya says. Buyers can buy fingerlings from their main sales office at 2286 Alsons Building, Pasong Tamo Extension in Makati City. They have offices also in Bacolod City, Iloilo City, and Alabel, Sarangani Province.